Cystic Acne is one of the types of acne which is very difficult to treat. It is also caused by bacteria Propionibacterium acnes which cause the regular acne. The lesions formed due to cystic acne are more painful than normal acne and more prone to scarring risk as compare to mild acne. Lesions of Cystic acne are ruptured below the skin surface resulting in outward push of swollen and blockage content that cannot be reached by anti-acne or topical products. Cystic acne lesions also heal very slowly and take much time that is why there is greater potential of scarring and damage to skin and it should be taken seriously to avoid painful situations and to get rid of Cystic Acne.
Cystic acne is usually caused due to some variations in hormonal mechanisms. Females have some male hormones which trigger acne. Because of some unknown reasons the oil glands on skin become over sensitive to male hormones which are in excess and start overproduction of sebum. Sebum is an oily secretion that lubricates the skin. When sebum production is in excess the oil gland becomes fully swollen, hardened and engorged with it. Extra oil is not released to the surface and oil gland bursts beneath the skin that causes swelling on the skin called as cyst. It also causes pain. Cystic has not any known particular causes but genetic factors may be involved in it. Some other reasons may include onset of puberty, pregnancy, and M-cycle, menopause and Poly cystic ovarian syndrome. To get rid of cystic acne you must maintain hormonal balance.
Cysts or Nodules which are formed in Cystic Acne are red bumps which are raised and lead deep into the skin. These cysts may or may not contain whitehead in it. These cause terrible pain when touched and in some cases these cause pain even if not touched. Sometimes these Cysts are not raised above skin but still you can feel these above skin. As these are formed because of rupture of oil gland and are deep in form, you should not squeeze cysts with finger because it might be ineffective or it may extend the healing time of the lesion. Also it can lead to permanent scar if you squeeze it with finger or nails.
You cannot completely eradicate cystic acne but occurrence of cystic acne can be avoided by adopting some precautions which are very easy and best way to keep your skin neat and acne free.
- Keep your skin neat and clean every day.
- Use best quality water soluble cleanser which is effective. Apply it twice a day.
- Avoid use of bar cleansers because these can cause clogging of pores.
- Exfoliation is the best way to reduce skin redness and swelling because it contains salicylic acid base exfoliant and it also improves flow of oil in glands.
- Replace thick moisturizers with light weight because these can clog the pores
- Use of Benzyl peroxide can be helpful as it kills the bacteria.
If your acne is not getting better even after a month with the use of these precautions and OTC options than you must visit good dermatologist for treatment. This treatment may include oral antibiotics, isotretinoin, hormone therapy or Photodynamic therapy depending on the condition of Cystic acne. If anyone has this problem she must go for treatment to get rid of cystic acne.